Sailing boats, also known as sailboats, sailing vessels or yachts, they use their sails to catch the wind to generate forward motion.
The basic components are a mast to support the sails, sails to catch the wind, a keel to stabilise the boat, and a rudder to change the boat's direction.
Common types of sailing boats include dinghies, catamarans, trimarans, sloops, ketches, yawls, and schooners. The choice of a particular type depends on its intended use; from leisure to racing, and where the boat is going to be sailing is it to be coastal or offshore. They can be a sleek racing machine, or comfortably cruising in a deck saloon.
Keel types vary from deep bulb keels for racing and lifting keels for shallow water excursions, and twin keels for staying upright when drying on the mud.
The Origin of Yachts
The term Yacht comes from the Dutch word jacht or jachtschips. The Dutch Navy in the 14th century did not have fast enough ships to catch the rampaging pirates, a smaller and faster jacht was designed which was able to outrun and catch them.
Yachts – History
In the mid 1600’s Royalty, the elite and wealthy merchants started building and racing yachts, it became a popular sport and developed into what it is today.
The America’s Cup
In 1851 the schooner ‘America’ competed in the 100 Guinea Cup presented by the Royal Yacht Squadron of Great Britain, for a race around the Isle of Wight. ‘America’ went on to win this race and the America’s Cup was borne..
A yacht is generally used for leisure, racing, or cruising and can be a sailing or a powered vessel.
Royal Yacht Britannia
The Royal Yacht was designed and built as a Royal residence to entertain guests around the world. The late Queen Elizabeth II commissioned the Royal Yacht into service on 11th January 1954, she was decommissioned in 1997 and is now a 5 star visitor attraction with nearly 400,000 visitors per year from all over the world. Her permanent berth is the Ocean Terminal, Leigh, Edinburgh, EH6 6JJ, Scotland.
Yachts were originally powered by wind, then for a short period, by steam, followed by diesel engines, traditionally with shaft drive and more recently sail drive. The new propulsion system of electric and hybrid is slowly gaining ground for yachts of all sizes. Solar panels now add a boost to creating green energy afloat.
Sailing boats offer a unique and environmentally friendly way to travel on the water, harnessing the power of the wind for propulsion.
Maintenance of yachts is described fully in the main section. Click here to find out more.
Team imardex marine 2022